Today’s blog on genealogy #5 is on the lineage of the Milk family. This surname has long been associated with the county of Norfolk, England, where it appears about twenty-two times in proportion to each 10,000 of the population of that county. There, throughout history, it has been associated with small landowners.
This is was interesting line to research and write about as I never imagined having anyone in my lineage trace back to Colonial America, never mind some who resided in Salem, Massachusetts during the Witch Trials.
The surname MILK first appeared on record in America in 1662 with the mention of John Milk of Salem, Massachusetts in the town vital records where he was appointed as Cowherd for the town of Salem and then was chosen to chimney sweep.
In Colonial America in 1662, The Massachusetts Bay Colony’s charter was accepted by England as long as they extended the vote to all landowners and allowed for freedom of worship for Anglicans.
The home of John Milk was listed in “(Rambles in Old Boston, by Rev, Edward G. Porter, 1887, p.288.) It was built some fifty years earlier than the Paul Revere home some 300 feet away across a little Square from the corner of Sun Court and Moon Street, just south of the Old North Church and North of Faneuil Hall “the Cradle of Liberty” near Milk Street.
John Milk I (B: 1640 Norfolk, England, D: Nov 26 1689 – Salem, Massachusetts) m. Sarah Weston (Wesson) (B: 1656 – Salem, Massachusetts, D: 1685 – Salem, Massachusetts) on m. 3 APR 1665
John Milk I died on Nov 26 1689. The following is his Last Will & Testament:
John Milk II: (B: Jan 8 1668 – Salem, Massachusetts, D: 1720 Boston, Massachusetts), shipwright, married:
(1) Elizabeth Hempfield (1670 – 1707), daughter of Edmund Hempfield of Salem, on 20 Aug. 1689.
Children of first marriage
John Milk, b. abt. 1690, died young
(2) Mary Scolly (Scolby) at Boston, 30 Oct. 1707, who subsequently married Francis Hudson abt ******
Children of second marriage:
John Milk III, b. 23 June 1708/09, m. Jane Marvin (Marvel)
James Milk, b. 31 Jan. 1710/11, m. (1)Sarah Brown ; (2) Mrs. Mollie Peering
Mary Jane Milk, b. abt. 1713
My lineage follows the marriage to Elizabeth Hempfield (B: Jan 8 1668 – Salem, Massachusetts, D: 1707 – Salem, Massachusetts).
The following excerpt talks about their homestead and surrounding buildings. Photo on the left: Close-up of 1700 map showing John Milk lot in yellow (located on current day Washington St somewhere around Federal or Bridge Streets)
Job Milk I (B: 1695 – Salem, Massachusetts, D: 1778 in Little Compton, Newport County, Province of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations) m. Abigail Devol (B: 1695 – Newport, Rhode Island, D: 12 Jul 1719 – Dartmouth, Massachusetts) on July 12 1719 in Little Compton, RI. Abigail was the daughter of Johnathan + Hannah (née Audley).
Note: The association and acceptance by the Quakers of the time, imply that Job Milk and his family were probably Quakers. Although there are no known records of this, it is recorded that Phineas Chase, who lived close to Job Milk, and was father to two of Job’s sons-in-law was a Quaker.
Footnote: Some information has been borrowed in part from: History And Genealogy Of The Milk-Milks Family– October 15, 2011 by Grace Croft, Lee Milk, Grace Irene Barnhart. This information was only borrowed for the sake of completing an accurate family portrait of my lineage to the Milk family as early settlers and not for any wage or profit.
Job Milk II (B: April 17 1725 – Dartmouth, Massachusetts, D: 1804 – Dartmouth, Massachusetts) m. Amy Fish (B: Oct 29 1729 – Dartmouth, Massachusetts, D: Belkshire, Massachusetts). He married Amy Fish 2 Nov 1746 at Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island. Amy Fish was born at Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts 29 Oct 1729 daughter of Thomas Fish and Mercy Mary Coggeshall .
They were the parents of 9 children:
Benjamin Milk born 1747. Sarah Milk born 1749.
Job Milk born 1751.
Mary Milk born 1752.
Jonathan Milk born 1755.
David Milk born 1757.
Cabel Milk born 1759.
Thomas Ambrose Milk born 1761.
Amy Milk born 1763.
Sarah Milk (B: 1749 – D: Eardley,) m. Dudley Moore (B: 1747 – Nine Partners, Duchess, New York, D: 1815: Eardley, (Hull) Québec). They married at Saratoga, New York .
Dudley Moore’s parents were Jedediah Moore and Dorothy Begnell (I’ll get more into the “Bicknell” story in another blog).
They were the parents of 9 children:
Sarah Moore born Abt 1769.
Jedediah Moore born Abt 1771.
Dudley Moore born 8 Aug 1773. Roger Moore born Abt 1774.
Benjamin Moore born Abt 1776.
Martin Moore born Abt 1779.
Job Moore born Abt 1781.
David Moore born Abt 1783.
Rebecca Moore born Abt 1785.
Roger Moore (B: 1775 – Rutland, Vermont, D: 1860 – Napean, Ontario) m. Sarah Hicks (B: 1775 – New York, D: Nov 27 1872 – Québec)
Olive Moore (B: Sept 10 1821 – Napean, Ontario, D: 1871 – Eardley, Québec) m. Ambrose Richards (B: Feb 27 1816 – Quebec, D: Jan 9 1864 – Eardley, Québec)
George Richards (B: July 26 1859 – Eardley Quebec, D: April 16 1942 – Mattawa Ontario) m. Cecelia McKenzie (B: Dec 9 1851 – Renfrew Ontario, D: Sept 13 1921 – Mattawa Ontario)
Ambrose Richards (B: Dec 12 1887 – Mattawa Ontario, D: 1957 – Mattawa Ontario) m. Bridget Angelina Mullen (B: Jan 3 1887 – Vinton, Québec, D: April 10 1976 – Témiscaming, Québec)
Minnie, Teenie, Lina, Kate & May Mullin
Benjamin Richards (B: Feb 10 1916 – Sturgeon Falls Ontario, D: June 17 1977 – Montréal, Québec) m. Sarah Ann Lee (B: Dec 7 1922 – Meltham Mills, Yorkshire England, D: March 1993 – Montréal, Quebec)
Patrick James Richards (B: Jan 15 1954 – Témiscaming Québec, D: Nov 18 2014 – Témiscaming, Québec) m. Mona Lamothe (B: Jan 20 1956 – Bonfiled Ontario, D: —-)
Tina Rose Richards
I found this helpful when trying to better understand the difference between the Quakers, the Pilgrims and the Puritans.
Pilgrims: A small group of people arrived in the New World from England on a ship named the Mayflower. They landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts. Back in England, everyone had to belong to the Church of England. The Pilgrims did not want to belong to the Church of England. They were seeking religious freedom from the Church of England.
Puritans: About 10 years later, a large group of people called the Puritans arrived in the New World, also from England. They believed everyone should belong to the Church of England or be punished. They left England and came to the New World because they believed the Church of England needed to be purified. In their opinion, the Church was embracing too many Catholic beliefs. They settled in Boston. They practiced religious intolerance. They wanted to be part of the Church of England, but they wanted the church’s beliefs purified.
Alike: Both groups spoke English. Both groups arrived from England at about the same time. Both groups thought of themselves as Englishmen and were loyal to the King. Both groups came to the New World because of their disagreement with the Church of England.
Quakers: There was another religious group in the colonies called the Quakers. They also disagreed with the Church of England. Many Quakers left England for the New World. They settled in Pennsylvania in the 1600s. There, they practiced religious freedom for everyone. People were free to believe what they wanted and talk to God in their own way. People from all over Europe poured into their communities, seeking religious freedom. The Quakers believed that violence was not the way to solve problems. The Quakers were known as “The Friends”.
Featured Image Photo Cred: Map of Salem Village in 1692 physical features, and the dwellings of prominent and important residents in Salem during 1692.
Genealogy story #4 features my Great Grand Father, Émile Lamothe, whom I called Grand-Pépère Lamothe. I figured since my last two blogs featured the other Veterans in my family, that I’d continue on that note.
Cleophas Émile Lamothe was born on June 10, 1897, in Bonfield, Ontario to Marie Louise Charron, age 38, and Joseph Magloire Lamothe, age 42. For those of you who don’t know where Bonfield is (and I don’t blame you, I’d actually be more surprised if you actually knew where it was), it’s a small township in Northeastern Ontario, located on the north shore of Lake Nosbonsing in Nipissing District.
Émile enlisted on May 13 1918 to the 1st Depot Batallion, 1st Central Ontario Regiment. Regimental #3037591.
There was some question as to whether he volunteered or whether he was drafted. So, I did some research – turns out volunteers for the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) were questioned at the place of enlistment to complete the two-sided Attestation papers which included the recruit’s name and address, next-of-kin, date and place of birth, occupation, previous military service, and distinguishing physical characteristics. Recruits were asked to sign their Attestation papers, indicating their willingness to serve overseas. By contrast, men who were drafted into the CEF under the provisions of the Military Service Act (1917) completed a far simpler one-sided form which included their name, date of recruitment, and compliance with requirements for registration. Having reviewed his Attestation Papers/Particulars of Recruit – I was able to deduct that Grand-Pépère volunteered his services.
Émile was short in stature, only 5’2.5″ and was 20 years and 11 months old when he enlisted. He was noted as being single and a Farmer. He was listed a Class One, Category A2.
Assessments were made by medical officers as to the suitability of men to perform military duties. A system of lettering and numbering was devised to enable a mans abilities to be quickly noted. Class One meant he was single and Category A meant that he was able to march, see to shoot, hear well and stand active service conditions. The 2 meant that he was fit for dispatching overseas as regards to physical and mental health but required training.
The other thing I wanted to investigate further was the Depot Battalion. At first I had no idea what a Depot Battalion even was. It turns out that in 1917-1918, when it was no longer possible to recruit enough men for infantry battalions, depot battalions were organized in Canada to obtain personnel who would then be sent to the Canadian Reserve Battalions in England.
Émile was initially part of the 1st Depot Battalion, 1st Central Ontario Regiment. What I have been able to find out so far is that it was authorized by General Order 89 of September 1 1917 (see below) and by General Order 57 of 15 April 1918. They were to reinforce the 4th, 19th, 123rd and 208th Battalions through the 3rd Canadian Reserve Battalion. They were commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel B. H. Belson.
His military records are quite scant to be honest and contain only about 15 documents in total. So I’m not able to get a really good idea of what he did in The Great War or even where he was posted, not even his position is noted in his records! All I know thus far is that on August 20 1918 he TOS (took on strength) at Bramshott Military Camp.
Now, I don’t have his regiment’s war diaries and mobilization accounts – I will have to request them in person, but I believe I have found the reference to them and can find them at the Canadian National Archives when I go to Ottawa later this month. However, there’s a snag – I see from his personal file that he’s noted under 3 separate regiments – 1st Depot Battalion, 1st Central Regiment, then the 1st Depot Battalion, 2nd Quebec Regiment and 1st Depot Battalion 10th Canadian Reserve Battalion. But, I cannot decipher when he was SOS from one and TOS with another. This is important for tracking his movement in the war diaries.
June 20 2017 Update: Spent the day at the National Archives of Canada today. The assistant working at the genealogy desk provided me with some information I had been seeking. She said that as part of a depot battalion and because we can only find him in England – then he likely did not see action. He would have been training and keeping in shape over his time there in the event that he was called up to infantry for one of the battalions they were backing up. She further added that there are not likely war diaries for depot battalions, usually just for field units, but that I could check the records anyway.
All WWI military records are available online, so I was able to access his WWI Canadian Expeditionary Force Personnel File via Ancestry.ca (the site I am doing my family tree on).
I am just now taking in that these documents are 100 years old, I am going to post as many documents as I possibly can!
Military Records Summary
May 13 1918: Attested at North Bay, Ontario
July 21 1918: Embarked at Québec
August 8 1918: Arrived London, England via the S.S. Somali – she was built in 1901 by Caird & Company Greenock and served as a troop carrier in WWI
August 20 1918: TOS (took on strength) at Bramshott a.k.a. Bramshott Military Camp, which was a temporary army camp set up on Bramshott Common, Hampshire, England during WWI. Bramshott was one of three facilities in the Aldershot Command area established by the Canadian Army. The permanent facility on both occasions was at the British Army’s Bordon Military Camp. Bramshott was one of two temporary camps set-up for additional accommodation in the lead-up to D-Day, along with Witley Camp.
November 11, 1918 – WWI ends – Armistice
Feb 19 1919: In Ripon he was admonished and condemned to pay 1/9.5 (confirmed as 1 pound, 9 schillings, 5 pence) for losing 1 scrubber (??? What kind of post did he after the war ended that he would have that he lost a scrubber? Did he work in a mess hall? Did he work in a medical unit? Was it for scrubbing his boots?) The only notation I’ve found that can be somewhat related to war is a breathing apparatus that absorbs the carbon dioxide . But I don’t think that would be it because this has specifically to do with diving.
June 20 2017 Update: Genealogy Assistant advised that he literally lost a scrubber – more for cleaning as he was there well after the war ended and was likely involved in clean up tasks. Given the price he was penalized she thinks it was likely a long handled scrubber.
June 14 1919: SOS (struck off strength) at Ripon – was a part of the 10th Reserve Battalion
June 23 1919: Embarked at Liverpool on the SS Belgic. The White Star Line vessel was to be named Ceric & intended to replace Titanic in 1914. The outbreak of WWI changed all of that. During construction, White Star decided to go with the name of Belgic IV. She was launched in Jan 1914, but was not yet completed when WWI began later that year and the work was stopped. Belgic IV was eventually completed in 1917, but as a troop transport and freighter rather than the passenger liner she was designed to be.
July 1 1919: Disembarked in Halifax, NS
July 3 1919: Discharged due to Demobilization
QUESTION: DOES ANYONE KNOW WHY HE WOULD HAVE STAYED IN ENGLAND AS LONG AS HE DID AFTER THE WAR HAD ENDED?
June 20 2017 Update: While at the Canadian Archives the genealogy lady informed me that some of the troops had to stay overseas longer to clean up and pack up. Not everyone was able to go home right after armistice, that and that there were only a limited supply of troop ships so everyone had to take their turns. The sick, injured, infirmed were sent home first.
After being discharged from the military he returned to Bonfield. He married Marcella Houle on September 27, 1927. They had three children (Thelma, Clifford and Edward) during their marriage.
When I was young we’d drive up to visit them from Kitchener, it was about a 5-6 hour drive. They lived at 217 Yonge Street. I haven’t been there since 1993 (the day of Grand-Mémère Lamothe’s funeral) and the house has long been sold. I remember it was a white and light green house, with a large wrap around veranda. I always thought the house was cool and creepy at the same time, because it was so old. It was Grand-Mémère Lamothe’s parents place – she was born there. When you’d walk in, you’d immediately walk into the living room (to the left) and the stair case to go upstairs was to your right, it had a white railing. I remember Grand-Mémère rocking away in her glider watching her shows.
The room immediately to the right when you walked in the front door used to be a parlour and as a child that totally creeped me when out they told me what it had been used for, but, that was in the days well before funeral parlours. Nonetheless, I could always envision dead people in there. I remember they’d put their Christmas tree up in there and that’s where the whole lot of us would open gifts before/after midnight mass at St. Bernadette’s.
When you walked toward the back of the house from the entrance, I recall there being a long dining table before you stepped through a single door to the kitchen. Just before you entered the kitchen (on the right hand side) there was a cabinet, that’s where Grand-Mémère would hide all of the goodies – and where I may or may not have snuck a few licorices. The kitchen must have been to be an addition, I’m sure of it. It was big (or seemed big for a 10 year old) and filled with white cabinets. There was a kitchen table in there with a bench, and on the back wall was a picture of The Last Supper. They never had a bath tub or shower in that house, we’d have to bathe in the kitchen sink.
Grand-Mémère would get up very early in the mornings – and when we’d come down she’d make us peach or maple soupan (French slang for porridge) and the best Map-O-Spread toasts.
Here we all are in the backyard of the house. Note the washing and drying behind us.
Grand-Pepere, Pepere, Mom, Me and Darryl
Grand-Pepere’s 87th Birthday
Left – “The cousins” (Mona, Darlene and Doreen) and their children (Mona: Tina & Darryl), (Darlene: Lisa, Francine & Stephanie), (Doreen: Sylvie, Ginette and Stephanie). Note the green colour of the house and the laundry station.
Top Right – “June 1984” – Mom Mona, Me, Darryl, Grand-Pépère and Grand-Mémère and Pépère. Note the white cabinets.
Bottom Right – “Grand-Pépère’s 87th Birthday”
There were two doors in the kitchen – one exiting to the veranda toward the front and the other going out the the old step up laundry washing area/ line they had. They never owned a dryer. Grand-Mémère all of the laundry by hand and hung it out back on the line to dry. Now by hand I mean, like in the old fashioned washing machines were you would wash it and then you had to take the piece of clothes and put it in a wringer and it would fall in a big bucket of clean cool water to rinse, then she would take it out of the rinse water and wring it again.
Coming from a generation that they did, and the house sourcing from a well, I’m sure they were afraid of the well running dry – at night time we had a large marmite (pot) at the top of the stairs to pee in, if we had to go. Grand-Mémère would empty it when she got up in the morning. I also remember that the rooms didn’t have doors, they had curtains – and that there were 3 bedrooms plus theirs which was at the front of the house. Come to think of it, I don’t think I was ever in their room – that was like a no-no place.
I remember Grand-Pépère fiddling around in the back tool shed. I remember going in there as a child and thinking “wow this place is filled with really cool old junk”.
They had a garden out back and had a rain barrel that they’d use the water from to water it. I remember the house wasn’t far from the train tracks cause I would hear it at night time.
It’s when you sit here and reminisce on your life that you wish you had the thirst for knowledge then like you do now. The things I would love to have asked Grand-Pépère; from 1897 to 1992 he must have seen soooo many crazy things! He went from a seeing the first Ford Model T to a Lamborghini. He went from no electricity to lights, telephones and tv’s. He saw two World Wars and was in one of them. Oh the stories he would have told me as he puffed on his pipe and we sat on the front veranda.
Emile Lamothe died on April 17, 1992, in his hometown at the age of 94.
Hello and welcome to blog #3 on genealogy! This story features my Grampa – Benjamin George Richards.
I was able to obtain a copy of Grampa’s war records from the Dept. of Veterans Affairs
(Canadian Armed Forces) a few years ago, when I wrote out for them. WWII records are still not available online.
Military records are such a wealth of information! You can see their enlistment details, their pay, when they took on strength (TOS) or were struck off strength (SOS), when they were AWOL/AWL, their discharge information and so much more! Grampa’s records are in hard copy and some of the handwriting is a wee bit difficult to read and the acronyms are insane, I had to go online just to find a summary of WWII military acronyms to make sense of 1/2 of them!
When Benjamin George Richards was born on February 10, 1916, in Sturgeon Falls, Ontario, his father, Ambrose, was 28 and his mother, Bridget (née Mullen), was 29.
His military records indicated that he completed grade VIII, and was bilingual in English in French. From 1933 to the date of his military enlistment he was employed at Canadian International Paper (CIP) Company as a Machine Tender in Témiscaming, Quebec – working his way up from a General Labourer.
His records also noted that his hobbies and past times to be skiing, skating, playing 1st base in baseball/softball and playing the banjo, guitar and mandolin.
He enlisted in the military on September 11 1939 at North Bay, Ontario citing “patriotic reasons”, he wanted to be in the Carrier Platoon. Capt. R. Robillard noted that he was of “average intellengience – should be ok for Carriers” . He was appointed as a Private to The Royal Regiment of Canada. Regimental Number B-66965.
Now, as I mentioned the record of all appointments, transfers, postings, forfeitures of pay, accidents, hospital admissions etc are difficult to read and are FILLED with acronyms to the point where some entries are barely even understandable – one website I was using had over 7500 unique abbreviations listed! Grampa Benny has 5 years worth of military records here to detail, so I am just going to note the most salient points in chronological order. Most of the records document when he was SOS or when he was TOS. There are some notations albeit them difficult to make out when he was transferred to different platoons.
Chronological Record of Service
The Royal Regiment of Canada, C.A.S.F. was mobilized on September 1 1939, when the Second World War broke out.
Sept 11 1939: Enlisted at North Bay, Ontario citing “patriotic reasons”. Private, Infantry, The Royal Regiment of Canada.
June 10 1940: Embarked from Halifax for garrison duty in Iceland with “Z” Force. Now this is actually an interesting story and part of history. As I was going through Grampa’s personnel file, I noticed something beside ONE entry as he embarked for the United Kingdom, all it said was “SOS Z Force”, it had me wondering “what the heck was this Z Force?”. So I did a Google search and found that it was a British-Canadian garrison force in Iceland. I was pointed to a really interesting document which was declassified on March 17 1987 entitled “Z Force in Iceland: An Account of the despatch of Canadian Troops to Iceland and their subsequent operations there”. The document deals with the activities of Z force Canadian Army from the time it was dispatched to Iceland June 10 1940 to it’s departure on April 28 1941.
Canada was an occupying military power in one of the smallest and most isolated countries in the world. How? Why? Turns out when war broke out in September 1939, Denmark and Iceland jointly declared their neutrality (Iceland was granted status as an autonomous state from Denmark after WWI). The Nazis had shown an interest in Iceland throughout the 1930s, sending trade missions and flying instructors to the island. Several teams of German “anthropologists” also roamed Iceland in the late 1930s. As quickly as possible Canada put together a military expedition mysteriously dubbed “Z Force.” So Canada was in Iceland to defend it against a possible German attack!
This snippet from the report indicates that as part of the Royal Regiment of Canada he was part of the initial Z Force commanded by Lt-Col G. Headley Basher.
The force boarded the Empress of Australia on June 9, and departed on June 10 at 1:00 pm. It was the only infantry battalion, and was armed with 12 Lewis machine guns.
June 16 1940: Disembarked Reykjavík, Iceland
The Royals were ferried ashore and marched through silent streets to set up tents (followed 4 months later by Metal Nissen huts) near the local airfield that British engineers had begun expanding. Within days of the Canadians arrival, the British brigades packed up and sailed back to join the war.
I was able to find out that while in Iceland, Benny was a member of C Coy (Company) – I almost missed it, it was mentioned on only 1 page – under Current Service “R.R.C. Rgmt C Coy”
The Empress of Australia, meanwhile, sailed back to Hailfax where the rest of Z Force had been assembled. That secondary force consisted of two more battalions — the Cameron Highlanders and les Fusiliers Mont-Royal who arrived in Iceland on July 9, 1940.
The report indicates the supply and maintenance problems while they occupied Iceland.
Another issue was transportation. Apparently only the R. Regt C brought its own transportation. The second flight Z Force which arrived on July 7 was not so fortunate, no vehicles were sent with them. This happened movement of the troops because the only troop to have vehicles was on the other side of the island, so they had to hire civilian trucks. This was an issue until the arrival of the S.S. Tregarthen on July 27 – which took 16 days to unload.
Other issues included the fact that the British coats were better, as they Canadian sheepskin coats were almost in a state of constant wetness. And, they needed to be sent steel tent pegs 3 ft long because the ground was always frozen and the winds were nearly gale force.
We know that he was in C Coy but not which platoon in that company he was in, but we do have an idea of what training looked like.
So it turns out the biggest threats to the Canadians were the cold – it snowed in August 1940 — and the local moonshine, known as “Black Death.”
In total, Z Force ended up amounting to 2,659 Canadian soldiers stationed in Iceland.
The order was given that the bulk of Z Force was to leave for Britain. They settled down and awaited their British relief force. They were relived by the 70 British Infantry Brigade.
Oct 26 1940: Embarked on the Empress of Australia and on Oct 31 1940 at 10:30 a.m. the ships weighed anchor and put out for the UK, leaving Iceland behind. A small force was left behind (Cameron Highlanders).
The graves of 41 Canadian soldiers, seamen and airmen who died in Iceland during the war are still tended carefully in a cemetery near the airport they defended.
The Report ends saying that ” …. the morale of the Canadian Forces in Iceland remained satisfactory throughout their tour in that northern outpost”.
Nov 3 1940: Disembarked in the United Kingdom/Great Britain- no notation as to where.
Nov 7 1940: The unit was re-designated as the 1st Battalion, the Royal Regiment of Canada, CASF, when a 2nd Battalion was formed to provide reinforcements to the Regiment in Europe.
Dec 9 1940: Admitted to CMC Bordon and was discharged Dec 16 1940.
Jan 17 1941: Awarded 4 days CB (confined to barracks) for AA (Army Act) Sec. 19 – Drunkeness, 1st offence.
Feb 10 1941: SOS (struck off strength) – admitted to hospital. Discharged on Feb 18 1941.
April 1 1941: Forfeits 5 days pay for AWL (absent without leave) 1 hr 36 mins.
Feb 25 1942: Admitted to hospital, discharged March 4 1942.
From Feb 27 1942 to Aug 26 1942 – We know that he was part of the 2nd Canadian Divisional Infantry Reinforcement Unit (2 CDIRU) – On Carrier, the Carrier Instructor C –— Now during this time the 2 CDIRU were involved in The Dieppe Raid During on 19 August 1942 where the Allies launched a major raid on the small French coast port of Dieppe. In the early morning hours, Major-General J.H. Roberts’ 2nd Canadian Infantry Division assaulted the Dieppe beach at four designated sections. 2nd Canadian Infantry Division assaulted the Dieppe beach at four designated sections. At Blue Beach, at the village of Puys (1.6 km east of Dieppe), troops of The Royal Regiment of Canada and The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada arrived late in their bid to take out enemy artillery and machine guns guarding the Dieppe beaches. From the start the enemy pinned down and shot them up until the raid was over.
I have to keep scouring the records to see if I can find out exactly where Grampa was during this time. Again, his Troops War Diaries will be helpful once I get them — UPDATE: I found a notation that he attended a Carrier Course (Class A) with 2 CDIRU from March 18/42 to April 18/42 and a Motorcycle course with 2 CDIRU from Aug 8/42 to Aug 22/42.
Aug 27 1942 to Oct 9 1942: He was with the RRC Regt HQ Company “as a Carrier Driver – H (20 days)”.
Oct 10 1942 to —- He was back again with the 2 CDIRU in general fatigues
March 17 1943: Granted daily rate of $1.50.
Dec 28 1943: Awarded 8 days CB and 8 days pay under Sec 40 of AA – I had to do some research here. The Gov’t of Canada, Library and Archives Canada website has S.40 under Miscellaneous Military Offences – “Acting to the Prejudice of Good Order and Military Discipline”. Unfortunately the records don’t actually mention for what specifically. I’ll keep digging – fortunately we are heading to Ottawa next month so I may have to make a visit the Library and Archives Canada to view the microfilm and obtain copies on-site.
Jan 15 1944: Awarded The Canadian Volunteer Service Medal (CVSM), The CVSM is granted to persons of any rank in the Naval, Military or Air Forces of Canada who voluntarily served on Active Service and honourably completed eighteen months total voluntary service from 3 September 1939 to 1 March 1947. A silver clasp, a maple leaf at its centre, was awarded for 60 days service outside Canada.
May 30 1945: Granted permission to marry Miss Sally Anne Lee on or after (but not before) June 14 1945.
June 20 1945: Married with permission to Miss Sarah Ann Lee in Agbrigg, Yorkshire, England. Changed next of kin to Mrs. Sarah Ann Richards (wife) of 14 Pick Hiss Rd, Meltham Yorkshire, England.
Aug 18 1945: Granted 30 days disembarkment leave from Aug 18 to Sept 16 1945 and was authorized to draw $0.50 per diem
Sept 2 1945: WWII ends
Sept 21 1945: SOS on discharge. Clothing allowance and Rehab paid.
On December 31 1945, after the Second World War had come to an end, the Royal Regiment of Canada was disbanded and reverted back to Reserve status.
Now , we know with certainty that Grampa was a Driver Mechanic and Instructor in a Carrier Platoon. There is some discussion online about what these roles actually entail.
It was my impression that Driver/Mechanics typically did field maintenance on the Bren/Universal carriers mostly in Support Company. But, now I’m confused, because I’ve also read that each Universal Carrier (tank) had a crew of four, an NCO (Non-Commisionaed Officer), driver-mechanic and two riflemen (see below)
The unique concept of the Universal Carrier Platoon was to provide every Infantry Battalion with the ability to move a small portion of its establishment under armoured protection.
A Carrier Platoon existed in each battalion as part of Support Company. The platoon provided the battalion commander with a relatively mobile force, armed with automatic weapons, and relatively safe from small arms’ fire. The platoon carried out a variety of missions, such as the re-supply of food, ammunition, water and other necessities; casualty evacuation, reconnaissance and even in rare cases assaults on enemy position.
The hard thing with writing about war is that those who have served don’t generally come home and talk about their experiences. The fact is that many veterans did indeed take their stories to the grave, for a variety of reasons. Some came home from up to six years of continuous overseas service and simply wished to forget the whole thing, to pick up their lives as best they could. Others saw no point in reliving the horrors safely buried away under iron-hard layers of protective silence. Still others learned very quickly upon their return to Canada that the civilian populace had no understanding of, and little interest in, the hardships they endured. For thousands of their children, this meant growing up with little other than a vague notion that ‘dad was in the war’.
Through the internet, a legion of veterans’ descendants (myself included) have taken it upon themselves to research their ancestors pasts, if for no other reason than to gain a better understanding of ‘‘what he went through’ and to ensure their legacy lives on for generations – so that their sacrifices don’t ever get forgotten.
To that very point, I asked my uncle Kenny if he knew what Grampa did in the war – “I’m not 100% sure he never spoke much about what he did”. But keeping things to themselves also detracts from their personal history as well (but I totally get why they don’t talk about it). Uncle Kenny said he was pretty sure that Grampa ” … was a driver but not in tanks, more truck/troop carriers. Seems I remember hearing somewhere that he may of driven ambulances too”.
So what did Grampa actually do in the war? At this point, I don’t really know and it’s hard for me to even make a logical deduction because I can hardly make sense of where he was in the UK – again due to the cryptic records and not yet having access to his Troops War Diaries.
Of the 20+ pages of material I have in my possession, I can only pinpoint 3 military camps he was at, all of the other entries all just say “UK” – He was noted as being in camps at Witley, Aldershot and Bordon.
a) Witley Military Camp was a temporary army camp set up on Witley Common, Surrey, England during both the First and Second World Wars. Camp Witley was one of three facilities in the Aldershot Command area established by the Canadian Army; the others being Bordon and Bramshott.
b) Camp Bordon has a long association with the Canadian Army, providing a base for them in both world wars.
c) Camp Aldershot – some 330,000 Canadians passed through Aldershot, doing there training before taking up the defence of the UK while most of the British soldiers were away.
I’ve mapped out the 3 places I was able to place him. Witley and Aldershot have stars and Bordon has a pin. So at least we know those places were fairly close together.
Benjamin Richards was oversees (Iceland and UK) for a total of 62 months and was discharged from the military on September 21, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario, when he was 29 years old.
According to his Discharge Certificate and his Record of Service, he is “to return to civil life – on demobilization”. His physical description at the time of discharge from service was “brown eyes and brown hair. Fair complexion. Burn scar on right axillae; scar 1.5″ x 1″ on inside of lip”.
His CONFIDENTIAL Discharge Papers note his future plans “I am returning to my former job as a machine tender”.
The military’s recommendation on discharge were as follows:
“A recently married man, 29 years of age, medium build, average appearance. Seems pleasant, steady, reliable labour type”.
” … Richards states that his mother and sister are living in Temiskaming; father has been confined to hospital for about four years. Richards married in England and expects his wife to join him in a few months. They can live with his mother until they secure a house through the paper company, who are building homes for returning service personnel.
In view of physical fitness and experience, Richards seems well advised to return to his former employment”.
If he was unable to return as a Machine Tender, he planned to seek employment as a Truck Driver.
He and Sally had seven children during their marriage. In connecting with my uncle Kenny and my aunt Gwen (I wish my dad was still alive so I could ask him some if this) – they moved in to 102 Anvik Avenue in or about 1955.
At that time Témiscaming was a company (CIP) town and the company owned everything including the homes. The Company sold the houses in or about 1972, Sally and Benny bought theirs. The row house was tiny. 4 rooms total (living room, kitchen, 2 bedrooms, 1 washroom). It was only 2 stories, no basement. Aunty Gwen remembers them digging out the basement until they hit a big rock … but, they were able to move the furnace down there. Only the front bedroom had closet space … Grampa built one in the back room for the 3 girls … that and a double bed. The bathroom had a toilet and bathtub … no sink. They were 9 living there – 7 kids, 2 adults. There was also an enclosed, unheated back porch. The whole space was about 600 sq ft. The address was originally 502 Elm Ave, but the Dutch Elm disease killed all the Elm trees ands the town renamed it Anvik Ave and renumbered the houses….. the number became 102 instead of 502.
Benjamin Richards died on June 17, 1977, in Montréal, Quebec, at the age of 61. He suffered a coronary thrombosis while visiting his daughter Gwen and son-in-law Serge and grandson Marc.
I was only 3 years old at the time grampa passed away, so unfortunately I really don’t have any memories of him. I have a few a pictures of us but that’s it – again I wish you were here dad, to share this stuff with me 😭.
Gramma Sally ending up selling the house to Lucien Bernard for $6,000 in 1978 and moved to Verdun, Quebec to live with her daughter Gwen, son-in-law Serge and her grandkids Marc and Caroline.
One of the most rewarding challenges I have accomplished in my genealogy journey is writing about these family stories and legacies so they don’t get lost.
I plan on making these blogs into a family history book. I am extremely passionate about recording family stories and encourage you to at every opportunity.
As I continue to investigate Benny’s time in WWII, I will update the blog.
I can be quite obsessive at times. My latest past time is genealogy – I’ve been working on my family tree for years – but now I obsessively work on it, almost daily. My interest is both historical and philosophical: Where do I come from? How am I here? — literally and figuratively.
I think people have a basic desire to know where they came from and how they got to where they are today. The knowledge that my ancestors had great inner strength is a powerful motivator for trying to understand my place in the world. I mean if it weren’t for them, I wouldn’t be here today typing these words.
I look at genealogy as history on a personal scale. It’s truly a journey of many lifetimes and lifelines from the past to the present and onto the future. It’s about discovering your heritage, creating a story about your family and leaving the most amazing legacies for future generations. At this stage of their lives, my children really don’t give a hootenanny about our roots, an in all honesty nor did I at their ages, but, as I’ve aged and gone through life experiences I wondered more and more.
Some lines I have been able to trace them back to the 1500/1600’s -> back to England and France, then who came to settle the New World. As a result, and through different lines I am part Algonquin in different lines, and therefore Métis. One of my ancestors was a Filles du roi – Kings Daughters. I have a relative who was an explorer and helped to chart the mighty Mississippi River. Family who founded the eastern parts of the US, while others who lived in Salem Massachusetts during the Salem Witch Trials. I had a great uncle who was KIA in the Great War. I have my great grandfather’s and my grandfather’s military records and their units war diaries, I have been able to track them through their battles in both WWI and WWII. I’ve found my grandmother’s arrival records on the Aquitania from when she arrived in Canada in 1946 as a War Bride. I’ve found so many interesting things in my family history on both sides, down all 4 lines … It makes it all that more interesting when you know you have a personal connection to these people.
A few weeks ago I submitted my DNA to Ancestry (the genealogy website I am using to work on my family tree). Genetic genealogy, is a way for people interested in family history to go beyond what they can learn from relatives or from historical documentation. Examination of DNA variations can provide clues about where a person’s ancestors might have come from and about relationships between families. They’ve confirmed it being received – now, all I have to do is wait patiently for another 6-8 weeks (it took them about 4 weeks to acknowledge receiving it) for the results. Stay tuned!
We inherit from our ancestors gifts so often taken for granted. Each of us contains within this inheritance of soul. We are links between the ages, containing past and present expectations, sacred memories and future promise. – Edward Sellner
I have so many cool things to share with you all, but today I am going to share the story of my relation to one of the founders of our great nation – (Canada, for those of you reading this in another country). Now, I can only be a certain percentage proud of this, since no European actually “discovered” North America – the natives were here long before any European or otherwise made their claims.
Ok, put on your history caps folks – we are going to take a trip back to the 1600’s. I bet you don’t remember much about grade school history – but you may recall a bit about some of the explorers like Jacques Cartier, Louis Frontenac or Étienne Brûlé, maybe you remember the name of the famous French explorer, Samuel de Champlain who founded Québec City? Now, the super cool thing is that I do. Being French Canadian – we learned all about this stuff in elementary school, and I’m sure if I dig hard enough through my boxes of childhood memories I have stuff on learning this – we learned about Les Premiers Colons, Marguerite Bourgeoys, les Amerindians, les seigneuries, les Jésuites. And yes, I most certainly remember learning about Samuel de Champlain and les premiers colons.
The first of my ancestors to come to la Nouvelle France/New France was a contemporary of Champlain’s. Olivier Le Tardif (sometimes spelled just Tardif), he was my 12th great-grandfather in the Lamothe line — but I can also trace him back in the Duchesne line via his son Guillaume.
A bit about Le Tardif: (abt 1603-1665), the son of Jean Le Tardif and Clemence Houart, born at Estables, a seaside village on St. Brieuc Bay, in Brittany, France. He embarked at Honfleur on May 24, 1618, onboard a ship of the Company of the merchants which was bringing back Samuel de Champlain to the colony. Le Tardif became the interpreter for Champlain in the languages of the Huron, Algonquin and les Montagnais. When Québec capitalizes, it is Le Tardif, elected by Samuel de Champlain, who gives the keys of the city to the brothers Louis and Thomas Kirke.
While Olivier Le Tardif is the general clerk of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés/Hundred-Associates in Québec, and while his 1st wife, Louise Couillard is still alive, he adopts Marie-Olivier Manitouabe8ich who is first documented Native America to marry a French settler – she marries Martin Prévost, in 1644 — now this is where it gets good —- she is also my ancestor from another line! You’ll have to read on for that relation.
Sticking to this story – it’s from Le Tardif’s second marriage on May 21 1648 to Barbe Émard/Aymard (while he was back in France) from which I descend. Barbe was the widow of Gilles Michel. Olivier’s first wife , Louise Couillard, died seven years earlier. He brought his new bride to Château Richer to live. They had three children together.
I actually descend from TWO of their children as these lists show BUT on TWO different sides of my family – my maternal grand-mother and my maternal grand-father’s sides (who ended up marrying one another!)
Olivier LE TARDIF (abt 1604-1665) + Barbe ÉMARD (1625-1659)
Gen 1: Barbe Delphine LE TARDIF (1649-1702) + Jacques CAUCHON DIT LAMOTHE (1635-1685)
Gen 2: Jean Cauchon + Anne Bollard
Gen 3: Francois Cauchon dit Lamothe + Marie Francois Houde
Gen 4: Francois Cauchon dit Lamothe +Marie Laroche Rognon
Gen 5: Pierre Lamothe + Marie Anne Senet
Gen 6: Magloire Lamothe + Seraphine Gauthier
Gen 7: Joseph Lamothe + Marie Louise Charron
Gen 8: Emile LAMOTHE + Marcella Houle
Gen 9: Clifford LAMOTHE + Desneiges Duchesne
Gen 10: Mona Lamothe + Patrick RICHARDS
Gen 11: MOI — Tina RICHARDS
Olivier LE TARDIF (abt 1604-1665) + Barbe ÉMARD (1625-1659)
Gen 1: Guillaume LE TARDIF (Jan 30 1656) + Marie Marguerite GAUDIN (Mar 1665-?)
Gen 2: Charles TARDIF + Marie Genevieve Le Roy
Gen 3: Jean Roch TARDIF + Marie Louise Grenier
Gen 4: Jean Baptiste TARDIF + Marie Felicite Rancourt
Gen 5: Brigitte Tardif + Charles BINET
Gen 6: Philomène Genevieve Binet + Charles BINET
Gen 7: Philomène Adelphine Binet+ Honore TRUDEL
Gen 8: Leda Trudel + Mederic Duchesne
Gen 9: Palma DUCHESNE + Laurette Allard
Gen 10: Desneiges Duchense + Clifford LAMOTHE
Gen 11: Mona Lamothe + Patrick RICHARDS
Gen 12: MOI – Tina RICHARDS
Now to add to this story and where these lines intersect and cross further.
Roch Manitouabeouich was a Native who worked as a scout and interpreter for Olivier Le Tardif, who as we know was an agent for Samuel de Champlain representing la Compagnie des Cent-Associés involved in the fur trade. There is a heated debate whether he was Huron or Algonquin. He was also a friend to Le Tardif. As an Abenaki married to a Huron, it is likely that Manitouabeouich knew several native dialects, making him invaluable to Le Tardif who was himself an interpreter to Champlain and instrumental in expanding the fur trade in New France. Roch Manitouabewich had been converted to Christianity by the French missionaries. The baptismal ritual included the given Christian name of Roch, in honour of Saint Roch, the patron saint of dogs, falsely accused people, bachelors, and several other things.
Roch and his wife, Oueou Outchibahanouk. had a daughter, the Jesuits baptized the baby girl with the name Marie and according to the records, Marie was an “Algonquin Manitouabe8ich Abenaquis”. Le Tardif became Godfather to the baby girl, and in accordance with the custom of the times, Le Tardif gave the girl his own name of Olivier. In addition to the name Marie Olivier, the Jesuit missionary performing the baptism gave the girl the name Sylvestre, meaning “one who comes from the forest” or “one who lives in the forest”. (Thwaites, The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, volume 11: 1610-1791) http://puffin.creighton.edu/jesuit/relations/relations_01.html
When Marie Olivier Sylvestre was ten years old, Olivier Le Tardif adopted the young Indian girl as his very own daughter but she never carried the family name of LeTardif. This enabled her to be educated and reared in the same manner as a well-to-do French girl. First he placed her as a “live-in boarder” and student with the Ursuline Nuns at Quebec, and later he boarded her with a French family (Sieur Guillaume Hubou) where she was privately tutored. Marie Olivier Sylvestre met and married Martin Prévost, friend of the Hubou family and a very personal friend of Olivier LeTardif. This marriage was to be the first marriage of record between a Native girl and a French colonist mentioned in Canadian historical records. The marriage took place in 1644 in Quebec. Recorded as witnesses to the ceremony were Olivier LeTardif and Quillaume Couillard, Le Tardif’s father in-law.
Olivier Le Tardif died at Château Richer in 1665 after a period of premature senility. He had moments of lucidity to the very end. He was buried January 28 under the church of Notre Dame de Bonne Nouvelle in Château Richer.
Marie had 9 children with her husband Martin Prévost. Three of their children died in 1661 – Ursule, Marie Madeleine, 6 and her brother Antoine, 4 died on the same day – March 16, 1661. Marie died at 37 years old after giving birth to her last child Therese. Her Marriage certificate to Martin Prévost indicates that she was born in Huron territory, Sillery. There are no records of the death of her parents.
Martin Prévost was one of the pioneers of Beauport near Quebec; b. 1611, son of Pierre Prévost and Charlotte Vien, of Montreuil-sur-le-Bois-de-Vincennes (now Montreuil-sous-Bois), near Paris; d. 26 Jan. 1691 at Beauport. Prévost’s presence at Quebec is referred to in the documents of the notary Piraube as early as the year 1639.
So, this is how I descend from the 1st documented marriage between a Franc settler to the new colony and a Native is as follows — follow along carefully because the lines cross here too!
Marie-Olivier-Sylvestre Manitouabeouich. + Martin Prévost
Jean-Baptiste Prévost + Marie Anne Giroux
Catherine Prévost + Charles Petitclerc
Charles Petitclerc + Marguerite Meunier
Joseph Trudel + Magdelaine Langlois
Joseph Trudel + Josephine Proteau
Honore Trudel + Philomène Adelphine Binet
Leda Trudel + Mederic Duchesne
Palma Duchesne + Laurette Allard
Desneiges Duchesne + Clifford Lamothe
Mona Lamothe + Patrick Richards
MOI – Tina Richards
Now, if you’re following along, you’re understanding how really cool these connections to history are and how the early lines of my ancestors are crossing … but let’s take it one step further even …
Until his death, we find Martin Prévost settled at Beauport as an “habitant,” or farmer. Prévost had had at least nine children by his first wife, Marie-Olivier-Sylvestre Manitouabeouich and we know she passed away shortly after giving birth to her daughter, Therese. He was married a second time in 1665, to Marie d’Abancourt, the widow of Jean Jolliet and of Gefroy Guillot.
From her marriage to Jean Jolliet, she had a child Louis. Is the name Louis Joliet sounding at all familiar? Well it should, this is the explorer I was telling you about!
In 1673, Joliet embarked on an expedition with Jacques Marquette, a missionary and linguist, to be among the first Europeans to explore what was called by Native Americans the “Mesipi” river and ascertain where it led to, with hopes of finding a passage to Asia. After meeting in the Michilimackinac region, the men started their journey by canoe on May 17, 1673, to what would be known as the Mississippi River.
While Hernando De Soto was the first European to make official note of the Mississippi River by discovering its entrance in 1541, Jolliet and Marquette were the first to locate its upper reaches, and travel most of its length, about 130 years later.
Jolliet’s acclaim as an explorer was diminished somewhat when his records and maps were destroyed at the end of his trip. Anxious to reach Montreal, Jolliet decided to shoot the rapids of Lachine on the St. Lawrence instead of portaging around them. His canoe was toppled over, killing the Chief’s son and was rescued after clinging to a rock – all records of the mission were lost. Although he later produced another report and map from memory, much of the detail was missing. Thus, Marquette’s journal became the accepted authority on the trip.
Joliet’s main legacy is most tangible in the Midwestern United States and Quebec, mostly through geographical names, including the cities of Joliet, Illinois; Joliet, Montana; and Joliette, Quebec (founded by one of Jolliet’s descendants, Barthélemy Joliet.
So how is that for a little piece of family history? Who said history or genealogy is boring?
Do any of you have any cool family connections or of historical significance? I’d really be interested in hearing some …
‘Black My Story’ taken from the album ‘One Bright Day’ (1989) by Ziggy Marley & The Melody Makers.